WeT was developed by BISP in consultation with all the programme stakeholders WeT Programme, a Co-responsibility Cash Transfer (CCT) Programme of BISP that was initiated to financially support the primary education of 5 to 12 years old children of BISP beneficiary families for their enrolments and retention. Each beneficiary child receives a cash transfer of PKR 750 per quarter upon meeting the admission verification in 1st quarter and attendance requirement of 70% in subsequent quarters till completion of the primary education. It is part of the Graduation strategy aiming to link the Unconditional Cash Transfer (UCT) to attainment of human development goals. The WeT programme is significantly contributing towards following three Sustainable Development Goals which have been recently signed by Honorable Prime Minister of Pakistan together with world leaders:
- SDG 1. End poverty in all its form
- SDG 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promotion of lifelong learning opportunity.
- SDG 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Waseela-e-Taleem Programme Cycle
WeT Programme was launched in five pilot districts as part of initial test phase, in collaboration with education departments of provinces/regions in November 2012 and it was extended to 27 new districts in January 2015 in all provinces/ regions of Pakistan. WeT programme is currently implemented in 32 districts across the country. Following are the key components of the WeT programme;
- Supply Capacity Assessment
- Social Mobilization
- Admission and attendance compliance
- Case Management
- Payment/ Cash Transfer
Following are the major objectives of WET programme:-
- To create long term sustainable awareness on the importance of primary education among BISP beneficiary families
- Increase enrolment of children in schools for primary education
- Improve school attendance by the children
- Decrease school dropout rates
The main stakeholders involved in the execution of the programme are:
- Provincial Education Departments/Schools
- Implementation Partner Firm (IPF)
While BISP is the main coordinating authority, the programme is being implemented in close coordination with District/Provincial Education Department/Authorities through Aurat Foundation- an implementation partner firm (IPF), hired by the DFID- Pakistan. The IPF is undertaking all the field activities namely beneficiary mapping, micro supply capacity assessment of schools, social mobilization, enrolment and registration and attendance collection in all 32 WeT districts.
WeT programme was initially tested in five districts and later on the programme was extended to additional 27 districts across the country, which increases the number of WeT programme districts from 5 to 32 districts. The WeT programme is likely to be extended to 8 more districts thereby increasing the number of WeT districts to 40 across the country. The WeT programme has six main components: (1) Supply Capacity Assessment, 2) Social Mobilization, 3) Registration, 4) Admission and attendance verification, 5) Case Management and 6) Cash Transfer. These components are interlinked and interdependent to mobilize BISP beneficiaries to enroll, retain, attendance compliance, case management and transfer of payment.
Source: CCT Dashboard
Macro & Micro Supply Capacity Assessment of Schools
- This component entails two activities: (a) Macro Supply Capacity Assessment – to identify a list of eligible districts for WeT extended phase and (b) Micro Supply Capacity Assessment – to identify public and private primary schools and their available capacity as well as the minimum infrastructure conditions along with standardization of village name and determination of catchment areas within a radius of 5 KMs to help/ recommend schools for new admission to beneficiary mothers during enrolment.
- In the extended phase, all new districts have been selected in consultation with provincial education departments on the basis of macro supply capacity assessment.
- This was followed by mega Micro-Supply Capacity Assessment exercise in all 27 new districts in collaboration with Implementing Partner Firm (IPF)- Aurat Foundation
- Under this component a total of 55,333 schools supply capacity was carried out for WeT in 32 districts across the country.
- Social Mobilization
- BISP beneficiaries are mobilized for meaningful engagement to get their buy-in for all BISP programmes including WeT (conditional and unconditional) beside active participation of BISP beneficiaries to improve the services related to social protection (i.e. different services of BISP). Under this component, local level institutions of BISP beneficiaries are formed through social mobilization at the grass root level.
- As of today, 48,988 BBCs are established and functional in all 32 districts against the target of 51613. Against the target of 437,310 BBC meetings, 69,680 meetings have been held;
- Around 1278 Women Leader Clusters were formed in 16 districts to streamline the case management process at BISP tehsil offices and to build their capacity for early resolution of issues presented by women leader.
- Details of Capacity Building may be described as under:
- 457 Sessions for Women Leaders against the target of 1,163;
- 351 Teacher training events against 1,390 envisaged; and
- 3744 Orientation sessions against the target of 9,411.
Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) has established its beneficiary committees throughout the country to facilitate illiterate beneficiaries at their doorsteps and help them play pro-active role in the society. The members of these committees raise awareness among women in availing BISP facilities.
The main focus of BISP is to bring beneficiaries committees (BBCs) on one platform in order to replicate internationally successful women empowerment programmes in Pakistan. It would target women through establishing women leaders and women communities for social mobilization and creating awareness among its beneficiaries. They would encourage the poor beneficiaries to break the shackles of
poverty by getting advantage of the social and financial assistance
provided by BISP.
BISP would coordinate with organizations that are already undertaking projects for women’s empowerment. Through this coordination, financial and educational support to women might be initiated. The institutional coordination might also be made successful by social mobilization and promoting the concept of women leaders.
- Registration & Enrolment of Children
Under this component, BISP beneficiaries are identified and registered for the WeT potential families among BISP eligible household in the programme. It also includes identifying the family structure of WeT beneficiary families from their existing BISP HH information and verifies the age of children and identifies those who can be beneficiaries of the programme. For the admission, the target of 1.316million children was set for the financial year 2015-2016 and as of to date, 1.316 million children admission has been achieved. The ratio between male and female children stands 52% and 48% respectively.
|Province||District||Tehsil||Registered Children Till Date||Admissions made Till Date||Admissions Pending Till Date|
Source: CCT dashboard
- Attendance Compliance of Admitted Children
Two main activities are carried under this component, (a) to monitor the WeT families with regards to co-responsibilities of their respective beneficiary children entitling them to receive the stipend of PKR: 750( 1st time admission) for admission compliance and (b) to identify beneficiary children who have complied with the defined co-responsibilities of attendance compliance which is ( 70 % attendance), and entitle them for cash transfers of PKR: 750 on attendance compliance till the completion of primary education. Quarter wise summary of attendance compliance exercises carried in 32 districts. During the period 2014 – March 2016 is given in the following Table 7:
|Quarter||Attendance Reported – Schools||Attendance Target – Children||Attendance Reported – Children||Attendance Processed||Non-compliant||Complaint||Compliance %age|
Source: BISP CCT Dashboard
The attendance compliance activities of quarter (April- June) 2016 is under process
- Case Management:
This component aims at receiving and processing updates of beneficiary information and grievances in order to improve service provision, (b) Detect potential flaws in enrolment, compliance and transfer processes and (c) Resolve transfer claims. Under this component, case management software has been updated on the basis of lessons learnt in the initial test phase districts.
- WeT Payments made so far:
Under this component, two types of cash are transferred to the beneficiaries. First on admission compliance (1st time admission), and second payment on ensuring 70% attendance compliance for the children as mentioned in Admission/ Attendances Compliance component. As per BISP Dashboard, an amount of PKR: 2.14 billion has been disbursed to most vulnerable and poorest of the poor female beneficiaries of WeT. However, the following Table No.11 is showing payments details from 2014-June, 2016
|Quarter||Beneficiaries Paid (in Rs.)||Children Paid||Admission Payment||Attendance Payment||Total Payment|
Source: CCT Dashboard
- Enrollment: As of to date1.312 million children has been admitted under WeT and the ratio between male and female children stands 52% and 48% respectively.
- Retention: The programme is going well with retention rate of 98%. This means that 98% of the WeT children admitted in primary schools are attending the schools. The percentage of children having more than 70% attendance compliance is 91%.
- Funds Transfer: Around PKR. 2.14 billion have been disbursed as stipends to the children of the poorest of the poor in CFY.
BISP plans to further extend the WET Programme into additional districts upon mutual consent with the provincial authorities. Discussions with Development partners and provincial education departments are underway to finalize the number of districts for extending the programme. All new districts will be selected on the basis of supply capacity assessment of the districts and with the mutual consent of provincial education departments. Moreover, BISP is under discussion with provincial education departments for building long term partnership to work together for the successful implementation of the programme to achieve common goals of ensuring universal primary education.