Waseela-e-Taleem

Waseela-e-Taleem (WeT)

WeT was developed by BISP in consultation with all the programme stakeholders WeT Programme, a Co-responsibility Cash Transfer (CCT) Programme of BISP that was initiated to financially support the primary education of 5 to 12 years old children of BISP beneficiary families for their enrolments and retention. Each beneficiary child receives a cash transfer of PKR 750 per quarter upon meeting the admission verification in 1st quarter and attendance requirement of 70% in subsequent quarters till completion of the primary education. It is part of the Graduation strategy aiming to link the Unconditional Cash Transfer (UCT) to attainment of human development goals. The WeT programme is significantly contributing towards following three Sustainable Development Goals which have been recently signed by Honorable Prime Minister of Pakistan together with world leaders:

  • SDG 1. End poverty in all its form
  • SDG 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promotion of lifelong learning opportunity.
  • SDG 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Waseela-e-Taleem Programme Cycle

WeT Programme was launched in five pilot districts as part of initial test phase, in collaboration with education departments of provinces/regions in November 2012 and it was extended to 27 new districts in January 2015 in all provinces/ regions of Pakistan. WeT programme is currently implemented in 32 districts across the country. Following are the key components of the WeT programme;

  • Supply Capacity Assessment
  • Social Mobilization
  • Registration
  • Admission and attendance compliance
  • Case Management
  • Payment/ Cash Transfer

Waseela-e-Taleem Objective

Following are the major objectives of WET programme:-

  • To create long term sustainable awareness on the importance of primary education among BISP beneficiary families
  • Increase enrolment of children in schools for primary education
  • Improve school attendance by the children
  • Decrease school dropout rates

Waseela-e-Taleem Stakeholders

The main stakeholders involved in the execution of the programme are:

  1. BISP
  2. Provincial Education Departments/Schools
  3. Implementation Partner Firm (IPF)

While BISP is the main coordinating authority, the programme is being implemented in close coordination with District/Provincial Education Department/Authorities through Aurat Foundation- an implementation partner firm (IPF), hired by the DFID- Pakistan. The IPF is undertaking all the field activities namely beneficiary mapping, micro supply capacity assessment of schools, social mobilization, enrolment and registration and attendance collection in all 32 WeT districts.

WeT programme was initially tested in five districts and later on the programme was extended to additional 27 districts across the country, which increases the number of WeT programme districts from 5 to 32 districts. The WeT programme is likely to be extended to 8 more districts thereby increasing the number of WeT districts to 40 across the country. The WeT programme has six main components: (1) Supply Capacity Assessment, 2) Social Mobilization, 3) Registration, 4) Admission and attendance verification, 5) Case Management and 6) Cash Transfer. These components are interlinked and interdependent to mobilize BISP beneficiaries to enroll, retain, attendance compliance, case management and transfer of payment.

Table: Province-wise List of Districts of WeT Programme

Province/

Region

 

Districts for Extended Phase

No of Districts
Punjab Rahim yar khan, Khushab, Sialkot, Rawalpindi, Narowal, Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar 7
Sindh Shaheed Benazirabad, QambarShahdadkot, Thatta, Larkana, Sukkur, Karachi South 6
KP Mansehra, Bannu, Nowshera, Charsadda, Kohat, Haripur, Malakand 7
Balochistan Nushki, Gwadar, Jhal Magsi, Loralai, Musakhel,

Awaran

6
AJK Bagh, Kotli, Mirpur 3
GB Gilgit, Diamir, Sakardu 3
Total= 32

Source: CCT Dashboard

Component-wise summary of WeT Programme progress is as under:

Macro & Micro Supply Capacity Assessment of Schools

  • This component entails two activities: (a) Macro Supply Capacity Assessment – to identify a list of eligible districts for WeT extended phase and (b) Micro Supply Capacity Assessment – to identify public and private primary schools and their available capacity as well as the minimum infrastructure conditions along with standardization of village name and determination of catchment areas within a radius of 5 KMs to help/ recommend schools for new admission to beneficiary mothers during enrolment.
  • In the extended phase, all new districts have been selected in consultation with provincial education departments on the basis of macro supply capacity assessment.
  • This was followed by mega Micro-Supply Capacity Assessment exercise in all 27 new districts in collaboration with Implementing Partner Firm (IPF)- Aurat Foundation
  • Under this component a total of 55,333 schools supply capacity was carried out for WeT in 32 districts across the country.
  1. Social Mobilization
  • BISP beneficiaries are mobilized for meaningful engagement to get their buy-in for all BISP programmes including WeT (conditional and unconditional) beside active participation of BISP beneficiaries to improve the services related to social protection (i.e. different services of BISP). Under this component, local level institutions of BISP beneficiaries are formed through social mobilization at the grass root level.
  • As of today, 48,988 BBCs are established and functional in all 32 districts against the target of 51613. Against the target of 437,310 BBC meetings, 69,680 meetings have been held;
  • Around 1278 Women Leader Clusters were formed in 16 districts to streamline the case management process at BISP tehsil offices and to build their capacity for early resolution of issues presented by women leader.
  • Details of Capacity Building may be described as under:
    • 457 Sessions for Women Leaders against the target of 1,163;
    • 351 Teacher training events against 1,390 envisaged; and
    • 3744 Orientation sessions against the target of 9,411.

 Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) has established its beneficiary committees throughout the country to facilitate illiterate beneficiaries at their doorsteps and help them play pro-active role in the society. The members of these committees raise awareness among women in availing BISP facilities.

The main focus of BISP is to bring beneficiaries committees (BBCs) on one platform in order to replicate internationally successful women empowerment programmes in Pakistan. It would target women through establishing women leaders and women communities for social mobilization and creating awareness among its beneficiaries. They would encourage the poor beneficiaries to break the shackles of
poverty by getting advantage of the social and financial assistance
provided by BISP.

BISP would coordinate with organizations that are already undertaking projects for women’s empowerment. Through this coordination, financial and educational support to women might be initiated. The institutional coordination might also be made successful by social mobilization and promoting the concept of women leaders.

  1. Registration & Enrolment of Children

Under this component, BISP beneficiaries are identified and registered for the WeT potential families among BISP eligible household in the programme. It also includes identifying the family structure of WeT beneficiary families from their existing BISP HH information and verifies the age of children and identifies those who can be beneficiaries of the programme. For the admission, the target of 1.316million children was set for the financial year 2015-2016 and as of to date, 1.316 million children admission has been achieved. The ratio between male and female children stands 52% and 48% respectively.

Table: Province/ region Wise Admission in- 32 Districts from 2014-June, 2016

Province District Tehsil Registered Children  Till Date Admissions made Till Date Admissions Pending Till Date
AJK 3 10 41,438 30,717 10,721
Baluchistan 6 14 32,552 22,071 10,481
GB 3 13 42,382 27,817 14,565
KP 7 14 241,984 146,142 95,842
Punjab 7 28 215,805 79,671 136,134
Sindh 6 31 402,136 261,870 140,266
Grand Total 32 110 976,297 568,288 408,009

 

Table: Yearly wise detail of admission

Year GB KP AJK Sindh Baluchistan Punjab Total
2016 June 52 1,045 1,384 182 160 2,863
373 472 44 2,716 831 167 4,608
826 6,576 519 17,069 67 11,163 36,292
319 13,464 1,025 32,624 228 91,608 140,020
170 5,916 41 9,987 135 21,281 38,084
101 6,222 106 6,374 225 29,189 42,633
46 7,267 69 10,287 313 22,228 40,503
2015 315 26,137 676 49,620 574 88,041 165,741
535 17,223 267 32,309 1,186 47,094 99,072
615 7,068 309 10,572 282 13,431 32,283
839 458 176 1,537 0 144 3,435
430 752 263 1,322 0 613 3,594
198 1,548 359 3,063 73 681 6,356
135 27,489 1,713 25,600 761 12,343 68,697
311 15,846 3,184 73,858 1,770 44,655 141,652
930 35,486 6,163 88,297 4,755 36,692 174,237
4,659 40,003 12,509 88,393 7,928 17,509 172,002
3,873 31,938 4,651 36,280 4,852 5,385 87,874
36 2,438 499 775 254 420 4,426
2014 1,081 4,377 543 1,119 31 0 7,151
3,959 178 908 814 855 0 6,714
2,718 277 161 731 1,103 0 4,990
Total 32,841 252,180 34,185 494,731 26,405 442,804 1,283,227

            Source: CCT dashboard

  1. Attendance Compliance of Admitted Children

Two main activities  are carried under this component, (a) to  monitor the WeT families with regards to co-responsibilities of their respective beneficiary children entitling them to receive the stipend  of PKR: 750( 1st time admission) for admission compliance and (b) to identify beneficiary children who have complied with the defined co-responsibilities of attendance compliance which is ( 70 % attendance), and entitle them for cash  transfers of PKR: 750 on attendance compliance till the completion of primary education. Quarter wise summary of attendance compliance exercises carried in 32 districts. During the period 2014 – March 2016   is given in the following Table 7:

Table: Attendance Compliance – Quarters Summary up to March, 2016

Quarter Attendance Reported – Schools Attendance Target – Children Attendance Reported – Children Attendance Processed Non-compliant Complaint Compliance %age
2014 Q1 1,907 0 28,542 28,069 4,071 23,998 85.50%
2014 Q2 1,995 0 27,380 25,991 5,244 20,747 79.82%
2014 Q3 3,063 0 47,043 44,137 8,471 35,666 80.81%
2014 Q4 3,165 0 42,674 42,661 5,962 36,699 86.02%
2015 Q1 2,993 37,780 37,753 37,753 5,482 32,271 85.48%
2015 Q2 12,697 294,393 291,041 291,040 98,951 192,089 66.00%
2015 Q3 23,817 648,392 662,833 661,285 241,712 419,573 63.45%
2015 Q4 23,593 594,062 582,935 576,247 62,438 513,809 89.16%
2016 Q1 34,682 890,616 869,617 809,060 73,632 735,428 90.90%

Source: BISP CCT Dashboard

The attendance compliance activities of quarter (April- June) 2016 is under process

  1. Case Management:

This component aims at receiving and processing updates of beneficiary information and grievances in order to improve service provision, (b) Detect potential flaws in enrolment, compliance and transfer processes and (c) Resolve transfer claims. Under this component, case management software has been updated on the basis of lessons learnt in the initial test phase districts.

  1. WeT Payments made so far:

Under this component, two types of cash are transferred to the beneficiaries. First on admission compliance (1st time admission), and second payment on ensuring 70% attendance compliance for the children as mentioned in Admission/ Attendances Compliance component.  As per BISP Dashboard, an amount of PKR: 2.14 billion has been disbursed to most vulnerable and poorest of the poor female beneficiaries of WeT. However, the following Table No.11 is showing payments details from 2014-June, 2016

 

Table: CCT-WeT Payments from 2014 to June, 2016

Quarter Beneficiaries Paid (in Rs.) Children Paid Admission Payment Attendance Payment Total Payment
(in Rs.)
2014 Q1 14,337 21,882 0 13,129,200 13,129,200
2014 Q2 21,935 37,960 10,686,600 12,089,400 22,776,000
2014 Q3 20,503 34,230 0 20,538,000 20,538,000
2014 Q4 21,042 35,438 3,000 21,259,800 21,262,800
2015 Q1 133,862 285,775 152,677,800 18,830,700 171,508,500
2015 Q2 255,499 561,973 279,932,250 141,547,500 421,479,750
2015 Q3 218,886 422,497 9,780,750 307,092,000 316,872,750
2015 Q4 365,428 791,253 216,006,000 377,433,750 593,439,750
2016 Q1 387,090 834,810 87,243,000 538,864,500 626,107,500
2016 Q2 79,435 165,593 124,194,750 0 124,194,750
Total 1,518,017 3,191,411 880,524,150 1,450,784,850 2,331,309,000

Source: CCT Dashboard

  • Enrollment: As of to date1.312 million children has been admitted under WeT and the ratio between male and female children stands 52% and 48% respectively.
  • Retention: The programme is going well with retention rate of 98%. This means that 98% of the WeT children admitted in primary schools are attending the schools. The percentage of children having more than 70% attendance compliance is 91%.
  • Funds Transfer: Around PKR. 2.14 billion have been disbursed as stipends to the children of the poorest of the poor in CFY.

 

BISP plans to further extend the WET Programme into additional districts upon mutual consent with the provincial authorities. Discussions with Development partners and provincial education departments are underway to finalize the number of districts for extending the programme. All new districts will be selected on the basis of supply capacity assessment of the districts and with the mutual consent of provincial education departments. Moreover, BISP is under discussion with provincial education departments for building long term partnership to work together for the successful implementation of the programme to achieve common goals of ensuring universal primary education.