WeT was developed by BISP in consultation with all the programme stakeholders WeTProgramme, a Co-responsibility Cash Transfer (CCT) Programme of BISP that was initiated to financially support the primary education of 4 to 12 years old children of BISP beneficiary families for their enrolments and retention. Each beneficiary child receives a cash transfer of PKR 750 per quarter upon meeting the admission verification in 1st quarter and attendance requirement of 70% in subsequent quarters till completion of the primary education. It is part of the Graduation strategy aiming to link the Unconditional Cash Transfer (UCT) to attainment of human development goals. The WeTProgramme is significantly contributing towards following three Sustainable Development Goals which have been recently signed by Honorable Prime Minister of Pakistan together with world leaders:
- SDG 1: End poverty in all its form
- SDG 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promotion of lifelong learning opportunity.
- SDG 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Waseela-e-Taleem Programme Cycle
WeTProgramme was launched in five pilot districts as part of initial test phase, in collaboration with education departments of provinces/regions in November 2012. It was extended to 27 new districts in January 2015 and, later on, to 18 districts in February 2018 in all provinces/ regions of Pakistan. WeTprogramme is currently implemented in 50 districts across the country. Following are the key components of the WeT programme;
- Supply Capacity Assessment
- Social Mobilization
- Admission and attendance compliance
- Case Management
- Payment/ Cash Transfer
Following are the major objectives of WET programme:-
- To create long term sustainable awareness on the importance of primary education among BISP beneficiary families
- Increase enrolment of children in schools for primary education
- Improve school attendance by the children
- Decrease school dropout rates
The main stakeholders involved in the execution of the programme are:
- Provincial Education Departments/Schools
- Implementation Partner Firms (IPFs)
While BISP is the main coordinating authority, the programme is being implemented in close coordination with District/Provincial Education Department/Authorities through Implementing Partner Firms i.e. Aurat Foundation, MM Pakistan & Rural Support Programme Network, hired by the DFID- Pakistan. The IPFs are undertaking all the field activities namely beneficiary mapping, micro supply capacity assessment of schools, social mobilization, enrollment & registration and attendance collection in all 50WeT districts.
WeT programme was initially tested in five districts and later on the programme was extended to additional 27 & then to 18 new districts across the country, which increases the number of WeT programme districts from 5 to 50 districts. The WeT programme is likely to be extended to 50 more districts thereby increasing the number of WeT districts to 100 across the country. The WeT programme has six main components: (1) Supply Capacity Assessment, 2) Social Mobilization, 3) Registration, 4) Admission and attendance verification, 5) Case Management and 6) Cash Transfer. These components are interlinked and interdependent to mobilize BISP beneficiaries to enroll, retain, attendance compliance, case management and transfer of payment.
Source: CCT Dashboard
SUPPLY CAPACITY ASSESSMENT
Prior to initiating the registration process of the Waseela-e-Taleem (WeT) Programme, a Supply Capacity Assessment (SCA) is carried out per district. Macro SCA is conducted to identify all the public sector primary schools and of private schools (if needed) in the WeT districts.
A comprehensive assessment is needed in order to determine the capacity of all public sector primary schools, and among these, to identify which WeT priority schools will the programme recommend for new admissions. The Micro SCA is carried out to identify the priority schools with the capacity to accommodate more children in terms of the student- teacher ratio, availability of space in the classrooms, availability of latrines and other infrastructural facilities. This exercise shall not exclude any of the public sector primary schools despite their SCA results.
Objective of the micro supply capacity assessment is to locate all the public sector primary schools in the wet districts for which a micro sca shall be undertaken.
So far in 50 districts 70,000 Supply Capacity Assessment have been carried out
Registration is a process to identify active Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) Beneficiary families with children between the ages of 4 to 12 years old and to register them in the Waseela-e-Taleem (WeT) Programme. Registration is the act of entitling beneficiaries to additional benefits based on compliance of education conditionalities.
This process is executed in the Waseela-e-Taleem (WeT) Districts after the completion of the Supply Capacity Assessment (SCA) of public sector primary schools. SCA is carried out at two levels: Macro SCA is carried out by the BISP WeT Team at the time of the selection of Districts; whereas Micro SCA is carried at Field Offices at the time of project implementation. The registration process identifies the WeT potential families among the Active BISP Beneficiary Households, and registers them into the WeTProgramme at the registration centers established for this purpose.
Complying with the co- responsibilities entitles the beneficiary families to receive additional cash transfers associated with the WeTProgramme; however, non-compliance has repercussions, consequently triggering alerts to determine the child status, and follow up with the families. The general objective of the CoM is to observe WeT children’s co-responsibility compliance for entitling their respective WeT families to receive cash benefits.
The general objective of the CoM process is to observe the children enrolled under WeTProgramme and see if they have complied with both the admission and attendance co- responsibilities, so that their family can receive the additional cash benefit; however, in case of non-compliance cash transfer will be stopped. Following are the basic objectives of the Attendance compliance:
- Identify the beneficiary children who have complied with the defined co-responsibilities and entitle them for cash transfers.
- Identify the WeT beneficiary children who have not complied with the co- responsibilities, trigger alerts in such cases, and apply the consequences of non- compliance accordingly.
- Suspend the beneficiary children from the Programme who have not complied with the attendance co-responsibility for three consecutive compliance quarters.
2.1 Million children have been enrolled from 2012 to now June 2018
BISP beneficiaries are mobilized for meaningful engagement to get their buy-in for all BISP programmes including WeT (conditional and unconditional) beside active participation of BISP beneficiaries to improve the services related to social protection (i.e. different services of BISP). Under this component, local level institutions of BISP beneficiaries are formed through social mobilization at the grass root level.
- As of today, 69,688 BBCs are established and functional in all 50 districts.
- Around 1278 Women Leader Clusters were formed in 50 districts to streamline the case management process at BISP tehsil offices and to build their capacity for early resolution of issues presented by women leader.
Details of Capacity Building may be described as under:
- 457 Sessions for Women Leaders against the target of 1,163;
- 351 Teacher training events against 1,390 envisaged; and
- 3744 Orientation sessions against the target of 9,411.
Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) has established its beneficiary committees throughout the country to facilitate illiterate beneficiaries at their doorsteps and help them play pro-active role in the society. The members of these committees raise awareness among women in availing BISP facilities.
The main focus of BISP is to bring beneficiaries committees (BBCs) on one platform in order to replicate internationally successful women empowerment programmes in Pakistan. It would target women through establishing women leaders and women communities for social mobilization and creating awareness among its beneficiaries. They would encourage the poor beneficiaries to break the shackles of
poverty by getting advantage of the social and financial assistance
provided by BISP.
BISP would coordinate with organizations that are already undertaking projects for women’s empowerment. Through this coordination, financial and educational support to women might be initiated. The institutional coordination might also be made successful by social mobilization and promoting the concept of women leaders.
This component aims at receiving and processing updates of beneficiary information and grievances in order to improve service provision, (b) Detect potential flaws in enrolment, compliance and transfer processes and (c) Resolve transfer claims. Under this component, case management software has been updated on the basis of lessons learnt in the initial test phase districts.
WeT Payments made so far:
Under this component, two types of cash are transferred to the beneficiaries. First on admission compliance (1st time admission), and second payment on ensuring 70% attendance compliance for the children as mentioned in Admission/ Attendances Compliance component. As per BISP Dashboard, an amount of PKR: 8 billion has been disbursed to most vulnerable and poorest of the poor female beneficiaries of WeT. Following table is showing payments detail from October 2012 – June, 2018.
Table: CCT-WeT Payments from October 2012 to June, 2018
Year wise Disbursements of Waseela-e-Taleem
|Financial Year||Quarter||Admission Payment||Attendance Payment||Total Payment (Rs.)|
|2012-13||2012 Q4 (Oct – Dec, 2012)||14,683,200||–||14,683,200|
|2013 Q1 (Jan – Mar, 2013)||3,563,400||12,876,600||16,440,000|
|2013 Q2 (Apr – Jun, 2013)||1,499,400||16,226,400||17,725,800|
|Total for FY 2012-13||19,746,000||29,103,000||48,849,000|
|2013-14||2013 Q3 (Jul – Sep, 2013)||31,800||17,596,200||17,628,000|
|2013 Q4 (Oct – Dec, 2013)||12,000||17,625,000||17,637,000|
|2014 Q1 (Jan – Mar, 2014)||–||13,129,200||13,129,200|
|2014 Q2 (Apr – Jun, 2014)||10,686,600||12,089,400||22,776,000|
|Total for FY 2013-14||10,730,400||60,439,800||71,170,200|
|2014-15||2014 Q3 (Jul – Sep, 2014)||–||20,538,000||20,538,000|
|2014 Q4 (Oct – Dec, 2014)||3,000||21,259,800||21,262,800|
|2015 Q1 (Jan – Mar, 2015)||152,672,400||18,830,700||171,503,100|
|2015 Q2 (Apr – Jun, 2015)||279,929,850||141,547,500||421,477,350|
|Total for FY 2014-15||432,605,250||202,176,000||634,781,250|
|2015-16||2015 Q3 (Jul – Sep, 2015)||9,779,250||307,092,000||316,871,250|
|2015 Q4 (Oct – Dec, 2015)||215,991,750||381,988,500||597,980,250|
|2016 Q1 (Jan – Mar, 2016)||87,243,000||560,621,250||647,864,250|
|2016 Q2 (Apr – June, 2016)||127,500,000||632,022,750||759,522,750|
|Total for FY 2015-16||440,514,000||1,881,724,500||2,322,238,500|
|2016-17||2016 Q3 (Jul – Sep, 2016)||2,072,250||483,621,750||485,694,000|
|2016 Q4 (Oct – Dec, 2016)||502,805,250||502,805,250|
|2017 Q1 (Jan – Mar, 2017)||492,176,250||492,176,250|
|2017 Q2 (Apr – Jun, 2017)||234,300,000||510,713,250||745,013,250|
|Total for FY 2016-17||236,372,250||1,989,316,500||2,225,688,750|
|2017-18||2017 Q3 (Jul – Sep, 2017)||57,915,000||652,461,750||710,376,750|
|2017 Q4 (Oct – Dec, 2017)||71,190,000||773,992,500||845,182,500|
|2018 Q1 (Jan – Mar, 2018)||70,962,000||947,759,850||1,018,721,850|
|2018 Q2 (Apr – Jun, 2018)||124,282,800||124,282,800|
|Total for FY 2017-18||324,349,800||2,374,214,100||2,698,563,900|
BISP has made substantial progress in achieving the targets since its inception. Following are the major achievements made by BISP in WeT Programme:-
• Primary school enrollment of 2.2 million children in 50 districts.
• Supply capacity assessment of 70,000 public and private schools in 50 districts.
• Constitution of 69,688 beneficiaries committees for the purpose of social mobilization.
• Disbursement of Rs 8 billion @ Rs. 250/- per child per month.
• Received grant of $ 50 million from DFID on achieving the targets of enrollment and attendance.
Received $70 million from World Bank on achieving the targets of enrollment and attendance.