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Waseela-e-Rozgar Background

The Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) launched Waseela-e-Rozgar for addressing the issues of poverty and unemployment through ‘Human Resource Development’ in Pakistan. Waseela-e-Rozgar was designed as an exit strategy for BISP beneficiaries to come out of dependency syndrome of getting Rs 4700 per quarter. This initiative envisaged empowering the female beneficiary or her nominee to become economically independent through acquiring demand-driven vocational skills. The aim of the initiative was to arrange training programme in demand-driven trades in selected public and private institutions. It was to be helpful in bringing professional development and self-sustainability as investing in human capital is arguably the best way to improve its livelihood and earnings. The WeR provided a free-of-cost vocational training for every beneficiary woman or her nominee (between the age of 18 and 45) from her own family. WeR is mandated to train one nominee from each UCT beneficiary household

Salient Features of the Programme

The programme was mandated to train one nominee from each unconditional cash transfer (UCT) beneficiary household and was targeted to reach up to more than 7 million in the coming years. The following criteria are used for the selection of trainees and the payment of stipend:

  • The trainee is selected from a family which has been receiving cash grant as beneficiary of BISP identified on the basis of Poverty Scorecard Survey at maximum 16.17 PMT (Proxy Mean Testing) score.
  • One trainee is selected from each family in the age group of 18 to 45 years for Waseela-e-Rozgar vocational training programme. The trainee is allowed to select only one course out of 52 offered.
  • 6000/- stipend per month is paid to the trainee through beneficiary through their bank accounts in the National Bank of Pakistan on the basis of 80% attendance..
  • WeR management entered into agreements with around 75 Training Provider involving 322 public and private training institutions under the consortia.
  • The Training Providers are responsible for identifying the eligible beneficiary-trainees and for delivering the training program.
  • Training is provided in 52 Trades to both male and female trainees in the age group of 18-45 years through 4-6 months duration courses.

Coverage

The target for the provision of vocational training during 2012-13 was 70,000 beneficiaries or their nominees. So far, 58,528 beneficiaries/nominees have received vocational training. Province-wise statistics show that 19164 beneficiaries were trained from KPK, 12928 from AJK, 9405 from Balochistan, 8899 from Punjab and 7951 from Sindh (Table 1)[1].

Table : Number of beneficiaries Trained (Province-Wise)

Province Beneficiaries / Nominees Trained Total
Male Female
KPK 10677 8487 19164
AJK 3770 9158 12928
Baluchistan 3162 6243 9405
Islamabad 91 28 119
Northern Areas 35 27 62
Punjab 3523 5376 8899
Sindh 4246 3705 7951
TOTAL 25504 33024 58528

Gender-based distribution shows that the participation of female is relatively higher than male. The ratio of female trainees is 56 percent as compared to male trainees, which is 44 percent. Geographical distribution of participants depicts that the female presence is higher in AJK, Baluchistan and Punjab as compared to male participation. On the other hand, male participation is higher in KPK, ICT and Sind than female (Figure 5).

Figure: Gender and Area – wise Participation of Trainees
chart

Around 322 Training Institutes, across the country remained actively involved in imparting the vocational training process. 94 training institutes from KPK, 61 from Punjab, 60 from Sindh, 69 from AJK and 36 from Balochistan were actively involved in providing trainings to beneficiaries.

[1] The appendix table A1 provides the list of all trading sectors and people trained across all regions

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